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李克强总理出席记者会并回答中外记者提问

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路透社记者: 新冠肺炎疫情对世界各国的经济都造成了严重的影响,不少国家的政府出台了数万亿美元的财政和货币措施,来应对新冠肺炎疫情对经济产生的冲击。今年中国政府工作报告中没有设定GDP增速。根据路透社的测算,政府工作报告中出台的财政措施约占中国2019年国内生产总值的4%,这个规模比一些经济学家的预期要低,今年一季度中国经济首次出现了几十年以来的收缩。未来几个月,中方是否会出台更大规模的刺激措施?从更长远看,中方是否有足够的政策工具来应对全球疫情持续蔓延和不断紧张的中美关系?

李克强: 这次新冠肺炎疫情给世界经济造成了严重冲击,可以说是史上罕见。最近不少主要国际组织都预测,今年全球经济增长是负3%,甚至更多。中国经济已经深度融入世界经济,不可能置身事外。所以今年manbex官网官方网站没有确定GDP增长的量化指标,这也是实事求是的。但是manbex官网官方网站确定了保居民就业、保基本民生、保市场主体等“六保”的目标任务,这和经济增长有直接关系。经济增长不是不重要,manbex官网官方网站这样做实际上也是让人民群众对经济增长有更直接的感受,使经济增长有更高的质量。发展是解决中国一切问题的关键和基础。如果统算一下,实现了“六保”,特别是前“三保”,manbex官网官方网站就会实现今年中国经济正增长,而且要力争有一定的幅度,推动中国经济稳定前行。

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彭博社记者: 新冠肺炎疫情仍然是未解之谜,科学家认为找到该问题的答案有助于预防未来大流行病的发生。有人呼吁就源头问题开展国际审议。中方对调查持何立场?您认为这样的调查应该达到什么目的?应该避免什么问题?

李克强: 中国和许多国家都主张对病毒进行溯源。前不久召开的世卫大会通过了有关决议,中国也参与了。因为科学溯源可以更好地防控疫情,也是为了世界各国人民的生命健康。

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中央广播电视总台央视记者: 您在政府工作报告中阐述了今年中国经济政策。政府会采取哪些措施保证这些资金真正地惠及企业、避免空转,能让普通老百姓切切实实地感受到?

李克强: 这是一次前所未有的冲击,manbex官网官方网站不可能轻车走熟路,只能是大车行难路。所以manbex官网官方网站在政策上要注重创新。我刚才讲了,manbex官网官方网站推出的规模性政策叫作纾困和激发市场活力,注重的是稳就业、保民生,主要不是依赖上基建项目。因为现在中国经济结构发生很大变化,消费在经济增长中起主要拉动作用,而且中小微企业在吸纳就业中占90%以上。manbex官网官方网站这次所采取的规模性政策,用了70%左右的资金直接或比较直接地去支撑居民收入,这样做可以促进消费、带动市场。而且因为疫情,manbex官网官方网站面临一个很大的难题,就是疫情防控措施会抑制消费。manbex官网官方网站按这样的方向推动政策实施,也是市场化的改革。

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中国时报记者: 今年两会因为疫情延到5月举行,这个时间点刚好跟“5·20”非常接近。在民进党继续执政的情况下,未来大陆对台政策的总体考量是什么?未来将如何继续推进两岸关系发展?

李克强: manbex官网官方网站我在政府工作报告中已经说了,manbex官网官方网站对台的大政方针是一贯的,也是世人共知的。要坚持一个中国原则、坚持“九二共识”、坚决反对“台独”。在这个政治基础上,manbex官网官方网站愿同台湾各党派、团体和人士就两岸关系和民族未来对话协商,推动两岸和平发展,manbex官网官方网站愿以最大诚意,尽最大努力促进祖国和平统一。台湾问题是中国的内政,manbex官网官方网站从来都反对外来干涉。中华民族有智慧、有能力解决好自己的事。

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中国日报记者: 今年您在政府工作报告中调低了城镇新增就业目标,调高了城镇调查失业率。面对严峻的就业形势,政府将如何遏制失业潮?如何帮助大学生和农民工找到工作?

李克强: manbex官网官方网站今年manbex官网官方网站确定城镇新增就业900万人以上,的确比去年低,实现这个目标要有一定的经济增长作支撑。manbex官网官方网站把城镇调查失业率定为6%左右,今年4月份城镇调查失业率已经是6%了,manbex官网官方网站这样做也是实事求是。

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凤凰卫视记者: manbex官网官方网站这次全国人大会议作出了关于建立健全香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制的决定,全国人大常委会将就此制定专门的法律。这是否表明中央调整了对香港的政策,是否放弃了“一国两制”?对于当下各方的反应您如何看待?

李克强: manbex官网官方网站“一国两制”是国家的基本国策,中央政府始终强调要全面准确贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、高度自治方针,严格按照宪法和基本法办事,支持特区政府和行政长官依法施政,这是一贯的。你提到全国人大刚通过的有关维护国家安全的决定,是为了确保“一国两制”行稳致远,维护香港长期繁荣稳定。

美国全国广播公司记者: 美国继续将新冠肺炎疫情全球大流行归咎中国,出现了更多关于中美之间“新冷战”的说法。与此同时,美中双方官员还在讨论如何为落实两国之间第一阶段经贸协议创造有利条件,推动中美关系稳定发展。考虑到中国自身经济遇到的困难,您是否认为中国的经济改革和让步足以解决美方关切呢?如果合作努力失败,中国经济能否抵御“新冷战”和“脱钩”的威胁?

李克强: manbex官网官方网站当前中美关系的确出现一些新问题、新挑战。中美关系很重要,两国都是联合国安理会常任理事国,在应对传统和非传统挑战方面都有很多可以、而且应当合作的地方,在经贸、科技、人文方面也有广泛的manbex官网官方网站,两国之间存在着广泛的共同利益。中美两国合则两利、斗则俱伤,不仅关系两国人民的利益,而且关系到世界,所以一些问题发生后引起世界的担忧。至于你说到“新冷战”,manbex官网官方网站从来都主张摒弃“冷战”思维。所谓“脱钩”,可以说两个主要经济体“脱钩”,对谁都没有好处,也会伤害世界。manbex官网官方网站应该按照两国元首达成的重要共识,推动建立以协调、合作、稳定为基调的中美关系。

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新华社记者: 讲到今年的经济工作,manbex官网官方网站听到频率最高的词就是“稳”和“保”。请问总理,这和市场化改革之间是什么关系?政府在这方面的重点是什么?

李克强: 中国改革开放40多年的经验表明,越是困难越要坚持改革。manbex官网官方网站宏观政策提出的“稳”和“保”,是通过市场主体去支撑的,而且是奔着市场主体的困难和关切去做的,这本身就是市场化改革的做法。

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日本朝日新闻记者: 世界经济因为新冠肺炎疫情的蔓延正在遭受严重打击,中国已控制住疫情,今后是否有同包括日本在内的周边各国开展经济合作的计划?中国今后在中日韩自贸协定和自由贸易体系建立方面计划如何推进?中国打算参加跨太平洋伙伴关系协定(TPP)吗?

李克强: manbex官网官方网站在去年东亚合作领导人系列会议上,十五国领导人共同作出承诺,今年要如期签署区域全面经济伙伴关系协定,我希望并相信这个承诺不会落空。manbex官网官方网站也在积极推进中日韩自贸区manbex官网官方网站。中日韩都是近邻,manbex官网官方网站愿意在经济大循环中建立中日韩经济小循环。比如说最近中国和韩国就开辟了快捷通道,让商务、技术等人员能够顺利往来,这有利于复工复产,可以说是近水楼台先得月。

ZHIYUGANGCAINITIDAOTPP,WOLIJIE,KENENGZHIDESHIQUANMIANYUJINBUKUATAIPINGYANGHUOBANGUANXIXIEDING(CPTPP)。DUIYUCANJIACPTPP,ZHONGFANGCHIJIJIKAIFANGTAIDU。

人民日报社记者: 今年是脱贫攻坚的决胜之年,但是受疫情影响很多家庭收入都有所下降,甚至一些人还面临着返贫。在这种情况下今年脱贫攻坚任务还能顺利完成吗?政府将如何保障基本的民生?

李克强: manbex官网官方网站中国是一个人口众多的发展中国家,manbex官网官方网站人均年可支配收入是3万元人民币,但是有6亿中低收入及以下人群,他们平均每个月的收入也就1000元左右,1000元在一个中等城市可能租房都困难,现在又碰到疫情。疫情过后,民生为要。怎么样保障困难群众和受疫情影响的新的困难群众的基本民生,manbex官网官方网站应该把这项工作放在极为重要的位置。manbex官网官方网站采取的纾困政策,有相当一部分就是用于保障基本民生的。

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新加坡联合早报记者: 您在政府工作报告中提到,因为全球疫情和经贸形势不确定性很大,中国发展面临一些难以预料的影响因素。您对目前中国面对的外部形势有怎样的判断?中国将如何应对外部环境的变化?对于全球应对公共卫生挑战和经济严重衰退挑战,中国将发挥什么作用?

李克强: manbex官网官方网站先看一下现在世界的变化。这次新冠肺炎疫情全球大流行,给世界造成了严重冲击,带来了巨大影响。现在因为防控疫情,各国之间的manbex官网官方网站合作明显减少,如果再持续下去,世界经济会更加严重衰退,这是危险的。如果世界经济不能够恢复增长,可能将来连疫情都很难防控。在抗击疫情过程中特别需要公共产品,需要保持产业链、供应链稳定,更需要开放,推进贸易投资自由化与便利化。这样manbex官网官方网站才能共同战胜疫情给世界带来的冲击,把损失减少到最小。

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